Tuesday, May 3, 2016

Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Queen Anna

Queen Anna “Ana Kanaina Loke, queen of Topeka’s annual fall carnival, is a native of Honolulu, and she travelled the long distance from her island home to the Kansas metropolis especially to take the prominent part in the festivities which was assigned to her.” “She was a teacher in Hilo and made the trip to the States especially for the fete in Topeka.” “By some brilliant inspiration it was suggested that this year’s queen be a newly annexed American belle from Hawaiʻi”. Her name translates to Anna Rose; they dubbed her ‘Queen Anna.’ Ana Kanaina Loke later moved to the continent, married a man named Anderson and resided in San Francisco.

Click link below for more images and information:

Monday, March 28, 2016


Waikamoi In 1983, Waikamoi Preserve on the slopes of Haleakala on Maui became a reality when the Haleakala Ranch granted a conservation easement to The Nature Conservancy (TNC) over 5,230-acres (in 2014, Alexander & Baldwin conveyed a conservation easement over an additional 3,721-adjacent acres, bringing the total to 8,951-acres - the largest private nature preserve in the Islands.) It is a sanctuary for native Hawaiian species, many of them endangered or rare (including several native birds: the rare ‘akohekohe (Maui parrotbill,) the scarlet ‘i‘iwi, the crimson ‘apapane, the bright green ‘amakihi, the yellow-green Maui creeper, the pueo (Hawaiian owl,) nene (Hawaiian goose) and the native ‘ua‘u (dark-rumped petrel.))

Click link below for more images and information:

Saturday, March 26, 2016


Aikapu Pā‘ao is reported to have introduced (or, at least expanded upon) a religious and political code in old Hawai`i, collectively called the kapu system. This forbid many things and demanded many more, with many infractions being punishable by death. One of the most fundamental of this type of prohibition forbade men and women from eating together and also prohibited women from eating certain foods - ʻaikapu (to eat according to the restrictions of the kapu.) The ʻaikapu is a belief in which males and females are separated in the act of eating; males being laʻa or ‘sacred,’ and females haumia or ‘defiling’ (by virtue of menstruation.) The ʻainoa following Kamehameha’s death continued and the ʻaikapu was not put into place – effectively ending the centuries-old kapu system. Some have suggested it was the missionaries that ended the kapu that disrupted the social/political system in the Islands; that is not true. The Hawaiians ended their centuries’ long social/political system.

Click link below for more images and information:

Friday, March 25, 2016

Ties to the Santa Fe

Ties to the Santa Fe During the height of the railroad industry, commonly referred to as the ‘Golden Age’ from the late 19th century through the 1920s, there were more than 254,000 miles of railroad in service. The expanding rail system needed material to tie the rails – then, in 1907, the ‘Santa Fe’ came to the Islands. The head of the tie and lumber department of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad came to the Islands to investigate the ʻōhiʻa ties”. He signed a contract for “the exportation of 90,000,000-board feet of ʻōhiʻa to the mainland within the next five years.” The contract with the Santa Fe was never fulfilled; it was realized that the ʻōhiʻa wood ties did not last in the extreme conditions of the southwest.

Click link below for more images and information:

Thursday, March 24, 2016


Tydings-McDuffie After its defeat in the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain ceded the Philippines to the US in the Treaty of Paris. On February 4, 1899, just two days before the US Senate ratified the treaty, fighting broke out between American forces and Filipino nationalists – the ensuing Philippine-American War lasted three years. In 1907, the Philippines convened its first elected assembly, and in 1916, the Jones Act promised the nation eventual independence. Between 1906 and 1930, approximately 120,000-Filipinos came to Hawaiʻi to work on the sugar plantations, dramatically altering the territory's ethnic demographics. On March 24, 1934, President Roosevelt signed the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which provided for an autonomous Philippines Commonwealth government; the US granted independence in 1946.

Click link below for more images and information: